The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) today announced that they have identified 59 countries whose nationals are eligible to participate in the H-2A and H-2B programs in the coming year.
The H-2A program allows U.S. employers to bring foreign nationals to the U.S. for temporary agricultural employment. The H-2B program allows foreign nationals to be brought to the U.S. for temporary non-agricultural employment.
With few exceptions, USCIS only approves petitions from nationals of countries designated by the Secretary of DHS as eligible to participate in the H-2A and H-2B program. The new list of eligible countries is announced in the Federal Register and is valid for one year from the date of publication.
As of January 18, 2013, citizens of Spain and the following Latin American countries are eligible to participate in the H-2A and H-2B programs:
Argentina, Belize, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Uruguay.
You can see the complete list of all countries here.
This new list does not affect the status of individuals currently holding H-2A or H-2B visas.